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Information Literacy Program

Search Engines

A number of factors should be considered in evaluating information on the internet. Help is available for interpreting the APA and MLA guidelines for citing internet resources.

Google Book Search

Google Book Search

Full text of 7 million books online. Preview and password use option for the copyright books.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar

What is Google Scholar?
Google Scholar enables you to search specifically for scholarly literature, including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports from all broad areas of research. Use Google Scholar to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web.

How does Google Scholar work?
Just as with Google Web Search, Google Scholar orders your search results by how relevant they are to your query, so the most useful references should appear at the top of the page. This relevance ranking takes into account the full text of each article as well as the article's author, the publication in which the article appeared and how often it has been cited in scholarly literature. Google Scholar also automatically analyzes and extracts citations and presents them as separate results, even if the documents they refer to are not online. This means your search results may include citations of older works and seminal articles that appear only in books or other offline publications.

Search Results

For papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports, Google Scholar search results typically display citation frequency, owning libraries, and links to the main Google search engine and material-related Websites.

Search Pepperdine's Library Holdings

Google Scholar indexes only a small portion of Pepperdine University's library holdings. However, one can determine if there is a link to a book in our catalog or to an article in one of our databases by clicking on the Resources@My Library link or the Full-Text@My Library link that often appears in a retrieved Google Scholar record. However, neither link guarantees that we own the book or have the full-text article in one of our databases. Remember to consult your friendly Pepperdine librarian for research assistance when needed.

Here's how to display holdings information for the Pepperdine University Libraries:

  1. Click on the Google Scholar Preferences link to the right of the Google Scholar search box.
  2. Type "Pepperdine" into the Institutional Access search box and click the Find Institution button.
  3. Then, click the Save Preferences button. This should bring you back to the Google Scholar search box.
  4. After performing a search on Google Scholar, click on either the Resources@My Library link or the Full-Text@My Library link to link to the full-text of the article. Click on any other link provided in the record. You may get lucky.
  5. To access a Pepperdine database through Google Scholar you will need to sign-on the database with your Pepperdine user ID and password.

A Reminder: Google Scholar is in beta testing and therefore not perfected and not always aware of Pepperdine's current holdings. However, always click on all of the links provided in a given Google Scholar record. A constant source of surprise is the fact that many times full-text journal articles sit in cyberspace at web sites unaffiliated with any academic institution. However, be sure though to critically evaluate any article you decide to use. See "Seven Steps to Effective Library Research" to help you in this process.

Search Tips

Please see Google's Advanced Scholar Search Tips to learn how author search, publication restrict, date restrict, and other operators can increase the accuracy and effectiveness of your searches on Google Scholar.

Librarians' Index to the Internet

Librarians' Index to the Internet

The Librarians' Index to the Internet ( is a searchable, annotated subject directory of more than 20,000 Internet resources selected and evaluated by librarians for their usefulness to users of public libraries.